The report from the European Environment Agency provides methodological guidance to support strategic policy- and decision-making on Green Infrastructure (GI). It reviews a range of Europe-wide data sets, geospatial methods and tools for GI mapping that follow the three key GI principles of connectivity, multifunctionality and spatial planning
Living roofs and walls - 10 years of urban greening
The report ‘Living roofs and walls - from policy to practice: 10 years of urban greening in London and beyond’ provides a summary of the progress that has been made in mainstreaming green roofs and walls as a response to the challenges facing cities now and in the future. It also updates information about the benefits of green roofs and walls and highlights policy development in London and elsewhere which aim to encourage more urban greening to ensure the urban environment becomes greener, healthier and more resilient to the impacts of climate change.
Natural Capital Investment Plan for Greater Manchester
The first Natural Capital Investment Plan for Greater Manchester has been published. The need to establish and implement a Natural Capital Investment Plan to mobilise existing and new sources of funding was a key outcome from the Greater Manchester Mayor’s Green Summit in March 2018. The plan aims to broaden the range of potential sources of investment in natural capital. This is challenging because many different parts of society receive benefits from natural assets without paying for them. However, there are ways in which revenues can be generated, and mechanisms can be developed that attract a wider range of private sector and alternative sources of investment. To move forward developing these, this plan identifies suitable areas of potential investment and which finance models could be used.
Innovative maps for green infrastructure opportunities
An interactive map has been produced to help identify where green infrastructure improvements and investments might be best targeted across London provides a range of open-source maps that can be used to explore the city region's housing, planning, infrastructure, socio-economic and demographic data.
Green Infrastructure: a successful tool in strategic land use planning
The Nordic countries are known for their green cities, full of accessible green and blue spaces and surrounded by agricultural land, vast forests and lakes. Viewed in aggregate these green and blue areas are a network. A concept called Green Infrastructure has been developed to highlight the importance, development and planning of this network. The existing Nordic Green Infrastructure offers a wide variety of benefits to Nordic societies and inhabitants; to preserve biodiversity, to mitigate and adapt to climate change and to provide business opportunities.
The use of urban parks for leisure, recreation or tourism have a clear, positive impact on people's physical and mental health. Strategic planning is necessary to create a green infrastructure with more positive impacts than a number of scattered green objects. Despite of the increased awareness of the positive impacts of green spaces for people's health and wellbeing, as well as for environment and climate, there is a clear need to strengthen its role in strategic planning. In this Policy Brief we identify how that can be done in the Nordic countries and also found interesting examples from Greater Copenhagen (DK) and Hämeenlinna (FI).
This publication is part of the ESPON project GRETA - Green infrastructure: enhancing biodiversity and ecosystem services for territorial development. More about ESPON GRETA